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How do you erase Kevin Spacey from a Hollywood movie?

How do you erase Kevin Spacey from a Hollywood movie?
From CBC - November 10, 2017

Leaving a staractor on the cutting room floor is unusual, but not completely uncommonfor Hollywood.

Yet filmmaker RidleyScott'sbold decision to completely replace Kevin Spacey's performance from a finished, high-profile projectkidnap dramaAll the Money in the World,that's heading to cinemas in less than two monthshas been hailed as unprecedented.

Moving quickly amid mounting allegations of sexual misconduct, harassment and assault against the Oscar-winning actor and formerHouse of Cards star, the veteran director, his producers and Sony/TriStarPictures revealed the extraordinary, late-in-the-gamemove on Wednesday.

The studio, which had already pulled the $40 million US movie from a planned film festival screening this week, defended All the Money in the World as a substantial undertaking by a massive collective, whose work should not be tossed away because of a single participant.

"Afilm is not the work of one person. There are over 800 other actors, writers, artists, craftspeople and crew who worked tirelessly and ethically on this film, some for years, including one of cinema's master directors," the studio said in a statement.

"It would be a gross injustice to punish all of them for the wrongdoings of one supporting actor in the film.Accordingly, the film will open wide as planned onDecember 22."

The reshootwill likely require flying Connecticut-based Plummer overseas to film,plusthe return of stars Michelle Williams and Mark Wahlberg, along withother cast and crew. Staff mustdutifully recreate, matchor creativelyreimaginethe scenes in question and, potentially, visual effects will be called on for more post-production work.

One producer and film consultant, writing in Forbes, estimated the additional workwould run upwards of $5 million US.

Typically, a decision to replace an actor is made while shooting, say if a director feels a performance is not quite right EricStoltz being swapped for Michael J. Fox in Back to the Future for instance,or Harvey Keitelbeing dropped for Martin Sheen in Apocalypse Now. Earlier footage is usually scrapped.

In the case of Samantha Morton losing out to Scarlett Johansson in Her or Colin Firth being replaced as the lead inPaddington by Ben Whishaw,the change occurred after shooting had wrapped.However, both instances involved voice-only performances, so the replacement was made in editing.

For Gladiator, Scott famously employed CGI to complete his 2000 epic after the death of actor Oliver Reed three weeks prior to the end of principal filming. Visual effects artists were able to map Reed's head onto that of a body double.

Using stand-ins or stunt doubles on films is routine today, said Amy Daye, lead compositor with Toronto visual effects company Mr.X.

Morals clauses

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